Therapeutic feeding to lose weight
Do you know that a moderate and lifelong diet is the best way to maintain weight or to try to get rid of weight gain? Here are the details
Therapeutic feeding to lose weight
Good weight loss programs are those where safety, weight loss, and lifestyle changes are in place.
We will now review the integrated weight loss program consisting of therapeutic feeding, behavioral modification and sport.
Therapeutic Nutrition for Weight Loss:
The real program for trying to lose excess weight depends on a logical diet and reasonable and not rely on diet systems to refrain from eating certain foods and for certain periods of time, because a diet is moderate and specific for life is the best way to maintain weight or to try to get rid of weight gain .
Most overweight and obese people are well informed about the best ways to eat. They do not know the foods that are best for them but they do not have the ability and determination to follow a diet they know well. In this case, the program to try to lose excess weight should focus on eating .
The main goal to be achieved is to reverse the balance of the thermal energy in the body, so that the content of food energy from the need of the body is forced to use and burn the stock of energy and accumulated in the form of fat throughout the body, and this leads to gradual reduction in fat tissue and decrease In the body weight, but taking into account the intake of foods containing the essential elements.
Therapeutic feeding is divided into two stages:
1. The negative balance of thermal energy (that is, the content of food from energy to the body’s need) continues to be prescribed for the prescribed food until the body weight reaches the desired level by age, height and degree of activity.
2. Maintain the continuity of this weight.
There are some key points that a person with weight must know before starting a diet:
1. Must be convinced of the patient and his understanding of the causes of obesity and the need to lose weight and that the success of the program depends on it first and foremost and not on the doctor or nutritionist.
2. Teach him some basic physiological rules for the body’s balance of energy and appetite for food, and that the state of obesity and weight gain does not come from a vacuum.
3. Dietary education: Avoid the false information about weight loss mentioned in some media and magazines, and that there are no foods that reduce the body weight and burn fat as rumored about some food species.
A – Conditions and specifications of the diet:
1. The diet should be low in calories, yet contain the essential nutrients (sugars, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and water) but with a focus on the determination of fats and carbohydrates. It is advisable to rely on complex sugars such as potatoes, bread Pasta, and usually are relying on the basic food groups system.
It should be remembered that the food may not be excessive in quantity, but that the person is not healthy, either it contains high calories or high proportions of fat, grams of fat contains more calories than a gram of protein or sugars (9 versus 4 ), And many people believe that low-fat foods do not contain high prices but this is not true.
2. Food contains large quantities of protein.
3. It should contain different foods that are tasty and suitable for the person’s self and contain a large amount of foods rich in fiber such as vegetables because they give a feeling and feeling fullness.
4. It must be suitable for the standard of living of the individual and easy to obtain and not high prices, and compatibility with the habits of the person (habits only sound) so as not to increase the negative effects and occur in the person of the unrest and Almtq not adhere to the diet.
5. Distribution of diet on three meals and be on fixed dates daily The idea of limiting one meal per day is a misconception.
6. It should lead to weight loss slowly with no more than 1-1.5 kg weekly, and this is done by committing to eating the appropriate calories daily as follows:
Calories = Current weight (kg) x 22
It helps reduce weight by 0.5 kg per week.
B – Planning meals (diet):
There are important guidelines for planning a low-energy meal for a obese person. The guidelines and recommendations that should be considered when planning an integrated meal for the obese person can be summarized as follows:
1. Avoid eating fatty foods:
Butter, ice cream, meat, canned fish in oil, nuts, cream cheese, chocolate, cream and fatty fish.
2. Increase the intake of fresh and cooked vegetables. Reduce the amount of fat added to the food during the cooking process. Salt and spices can also be added to the vegetables to give flavor, because they are completely free of calories. Generally, you can eat all vegetables except fried vegetables.
3. Moderate eating fresh fruits or canned fruits after withdrawing the solution (sugar solution). And take into account that it contains more sugar than fresh fruits, as the share of fresh fruit (apple or orange or half a glass of juice … etc.) contains 15 grams of carbohydrates while the share of canned fruit filtered (half Cup) contain 17 grams of carbohydrates and in general can eat all kinds of fruits.
4. Reduce carbohydrate intake: rice, bread, baked products, cake, pasta, dried fruits, sweetened with sugar, honey, potatoes, sweet potatoes, bananas, molasses and desserts. On sugar or fat.
5. Determine the amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the diet in proportion to the amount of energy needed by the obese to reduce its weight, and the amount of protein in the low-energy meal usually between 70-100 grams per day, generally recommended to eat net meat, poultry skinned, grilled fish Avoid fried meat.
6. Do not neglect breakfast and offer tea and coffee without adding sugar.
7. Use of fortified (fat free) milk fortified with vitamin A and D or one of its derivatives (milk, dried or concentrated) with the equivalent of two or more cups per day. Low fat milk (2% fat) or one of its derivatives There was a need to increase the amount of energy in the meal. It should be noted that milk and milk should be avoided with chocolate and ice cream, and low-fat cheese should be taken.
8. Avoid soft drinks such as cola and others, as well as non-carbonated drinks (drinks available in large quantities for children in paper packages) and sweetened juices and all beverages added to sugar.
9. It is necessary to minimize the amount of fat, oils and sweets because they are rich in calories and poor in nutrients, but the meal should contain at least one teaspoon of vegetable oil added to the food daily and prefer the use of spices and herbs (Herbs) instead of sauces, butter and other fats and must drink tea and coffee without adding sugar or cream.
10. The diet should be planned for weight loss, based on the food alternatives system, to ensure that the person receives all his food needs except calories.
11. It is recommended that the person’s weight should not be reduced by more than 0.5-1 kg / week.
12. The content of a diet should not be less than 1,000 calories per day. Even when planning a meal containing 1200-1500 calories per day, a person’s full nutritional needs are still difficult. It is recommended to give the obese person food Supplemented with vitamins and minerals when eating a diet containing fewer calories than the above.
13. Calorie-restricted meals should be accompanied by appropriate exercise and avoid physical and psychological stress.